Baharampur is a city in the West Bengal state of India. Baharampur is the sixth largest city in West Bengal (after Kolkata, Howrah, Asansol, Siliguri and Malda) and situated in central part of West Bengal. Baharampur (Berhampore) is nominated for becoming the municipal corporation. In earlier days it was known as Brahmapur because many of the Brahmin families settled there. Baharampur is the administrative headquarters of the Murshidabad district. It is located about 200 km (124 mi) from Kolkata (earlier known as Calcutta), the state capital.
Berhampore was fortified in 1757 by the East India Company, after the Battle of Plassey in June 1757, and it continued as a cantonment until 1870.
Karnasubarna, which is very near Berhampore, has a history dated back to 600 AD. Many buildings from the late 1600s can still be seen. The cantonment was constituted as a municipality in 1876 and was the headquarters of Murshidabad district. The Berhampore College was founded in 1853 and in 1888 made over to a local committee, mainly supported by Rani Swarnamayi.
On 25 February 1857, the first major armed battle of the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 took place in Barrack Square, Baharampur, while Berhampore was ruled by Raja Krishnath and his ancestors. In 1901, Baharampur had a population of 24,397, and included the ancient town of Kasim Bazar. The place which is considered as a legitimate arena of all procedural events and circumstances that has been profoundly well described. The Kasim Bazar and Lalbag areas are witness to a bloody yet glorious era of History of India.
Interesting places to visit:
Below are the thumbnails of most popular places to visit in Berhampore. Click on the images to read the detailed story.
The Hazarduari Palace
Hazarduari Palace, earlier known as the Bara Kothi, is located in the campus of Kila Nizamat in Murshidabad, in the Indian state of West Bengal. It was built in the nineteenth century by architect Duncan Macleod, under the reign of Nawab Nazim Humayun Jah of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa (1824–1838).
The foundation stone of the palace was laid on August 9, 1829, and that very day the construction work was started. William Cavendish was the then Governor-General. Now, Hazarduari Palace is the most conspicuous…
The present Nizamat Imambara was built in 1847 AD by Nawab Nazim Mansoor Ali Khan Feradun Jah, who succeeded his father Nawab Nazim Humayun Jah in Murshidabad, India. It was built after the fires of 1842 and 1846 which burnt the wooden Imambara built by Nawab Siraj ud-Daulah. This Imambara is the largest one in India and Bengal…
TheKatra Masjid (also known as Katra Mosque) is a mosque and the tomb of Nawab Murshid Quli Khan built between 1723 and 1724. It is located in the north eastern side of the city of Murshidabad, in the Indian state of West Bengal. Its importance lies not only as a great centre of Islamic learning but also for the tomb of Murshid Quli Khan, who is buried under the entrance staircase. The most striking feature is the two large corner towers having loopholes for musketry.
Motijhil (also Motijheel, translation: Pearl Lake) is a horse-shoe shaped lake in Murshidabad, West Bengal, India. It was created by Nawazish Muhammad Khan, the son-in-law of Nawab Alivardi Khan. He constructed a precious palatial palace beside this lake which is called the Sang-i- dalan (“stone palace”) which is also known as the Motijhil Palace. It is located at the bend of this lake. It was used as the residence of Nawazish and Ghaseti Begum, Nawazish’s beloved wife. With this money he built a similar lake with a beautiful palace, Hirajheel, on the opposite side of theBhagirathi River. The palace has a lofty gateway…
Home of Jagat Seth
Jagat Seth was a rich businessman from Murshidabad during the rule of Nawab Siraj-ud-Daula. He came from a rich Jain Marwari business family in Murshidabad. His spiritual guru was Jain Acharya Sri BhratruChandra Suri. Jagat Seths were among the most powerful bankers of India during the first half of 18th century. Roben Orme (official historian of East India Company) described Jagat Seths as the greatest shroff (money changer) and banker in the known world…
Kathgola, (also known as Katgola) Gardens, in Bengali Kathgola Bagan, is a debutter (private religious trust ) Estate dedicated to the Jainatirthankara Adinatha. It is located about half a km South-East of Mahimapur (modern Nashipur), a town in West Bengal, India just north ofMurshidabad, the capital of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa during the reign of the Nawabs of Murshidabad. If you start from Murshidabad’s Chawk Bazar, proceed north to the Nashipur Rajbari, then turn East to arrive at the Garden (Bagan) complex…
Content and Images credit: www.wikipedia.com